Hull’s WW1 Memorials

Image result for hull ww1 picsWe tend to approach war memorials with pathos and a narrative about the futility of war, but the generation that built them were actually proud of them.  People wanted to show the pride of sacrifice. They even experienced joy that their fathers, husbands and sons, had stepped up to the plate in the time of need. War memorials were defined in positive terms – as ‘Defence against aggression’, for ‘Justice’, ‘Liberty’ and Glory’. They were a sign of a colossal generational effort to “end all wars, for humanity” and celebrate the gift, that those who fell, gave to future generations. There were all sorts of ideas put forward for commemorating the war and the people who fought in it, which resulted in a wide variety of memorials. There were official tokens of remembrance in the form of memorial plaques, issued to relatives of the fallen and commemorative “Peace” medals. Charitable care for ex-Servicemen was begun under the auspices of the Flanders Poppy Fund. The red poppy is now internationally recognized as a symbol of Remembrance, with its roots in the tragedy of the First World War. Memorial rolls of honour were put up in factories, sports clubs, railway stations, schools, and universities. Church windows were designed and dedicated to military units or individuals. Memorial buildings were constructed to provide “living memorials”, for example, as community centres, places for rehabilitation or worship.

After the First World War, communities were keen to erect memorials to remember their dead. Over 5,000 memorials were raised in towns across Britain, in the first two years after the War, and some 37,000 exist today in public spaces, in various forms. The demand for war memorials lasted many years and many were not completed until long after the war. Memorials represent the mixed emotions people felt towards the end of Great war, some triumphal, brooding, sentimental, often reinforcing the horror of war.

The Groves and St Mark’s Church WW1 War Memorial being moved, 1957

The first and earliest war memorials in Hull, were the ‘Street Shrines’ or ‘Rolls of Honour’, These were created in the early years of the war to commemorate all those locally serving in the armed forces. The idea of Street War memorials started in the East end of London, but it was soon adopted in towns, such as St Albans, and became particularly widespread in Hull. 

In 1915, St Marks Church was the first to erect a large, wooden board, on the railings outside, showing all the men from St Marks Street serving in the war. The Memorials took many shapes, forms and styles. Some included only those directly involved from the street, others included relatives from other streets. Some ‘Roll of Honours’ covered large areas, such as Wilmington and Sculcoates, which included many streets. A great deal of work went into designing these ‘Rolls of Honour’. Committees were set up and Ladies went round collecting names, information and money. The names of servicemen, were often written on paper scrolls, or scratched onto wooded boards, and displayed prominently on Street corners. The memorials were often so highly decorated, with flowers, flags and patriotic pictures, that they took the form of ‘Street Shrines’. There was keen competition between Hull Streets for the best memorials. Montrose Avenue, boasted the finest Street Memorial, Courtney Street the largest, and Northumberland Avenue drew the largest crowds. The opening ceremonies were grand affairs, with bands, choirs, hundreds of people attending and widely reported in the local newspapers. It was reported that the unveiling of the Wilmington Roll of Honour, on the 12th November 1916, attracted over 10,000 people (HDM 13/11/1916). Some opening ceremonies caused incidents, such as the unveiling of the New George Street memorial, on the 8th October 1916. Here, Thomas Boast, the local Greengrocer, had failed to display a flag in his shop, and was attacked by a crowd for being unpatriotic. For example, Emily Atkin, from New George Street and Alice Brown, from Scott Street, were fined £5 for breaking his shop window and accusing his wife of being ‘Austrian’. 

While Street memorials were widely popular, they relied on the goodwill of residents to maintain them. Inevitably these ‘Rolls of Honour’, could not keep pace with conscription, or the movement of men between regiments and armed services, during the four and half years of war. There was also some opposition to the memorials, with people refusing to include their names or saying that the money should be spent on the troops. Some complained that names had been mis-spelt, left out or ignored. Others were forced to move after the death of their husbands and their connection with the street was forgotten. The memorials were often too small to record the increasing numbers of casualties. For example, Bean Street, lost 102 men in the War; Waterloo Street 75; Barnsley Street 59; Walker Street 69, Spyvee Street, 51; and thousands of men died from the Hessle Road, Beverley Road and Holderness Road areas. The declining enthusiasm for war, meant that many Street memorials were not updated after 1916. For example, the current Eton Street, marble memorial, bears little resemblance to its original, which included many more names of men killed in the war. As well as these omissions, there were also spelling mistakes, wrong initials or nicknames used on street shrines which compromised their accuracy. Sometimes the same servicemen appeared on several memorials, as they moved address, or were included by relatives in different streets. Also, as most ‘Street Shrines’ were only designed as temporary structures, they were not long lasting. The Courtney Street memorial was not updated after 1916 and fell into dis-repair. It was discovered years later in a shop attic and re-erected in 1924. Many Street memorials were destroyed during the Second World War blitz, which devastated Hull. Others were lost through slum clearance in the 1970’s and post war reconstruction. For example, the Portland Street Shrine, was removed for safety in 1941, and placed in St Stephen’s church , which was then destroyed in the Blitz, in the same year. Only Waller Street attempted to update their memorial after the war, but this has now disappeared. Just a few examples of Hull Street memorials survive today. Most notably, these are at Sharp Street, Newland Avenue, and Eton Street, on Hessle Road. Some other examples of street shrines are also preserved in the Hull Transport museum. Street Memorials were never repeated during the Second World War.

The following ‘Street Shrine’ details were reported in the Hull Daily Mail during 1916. They give some idea of the popularity of Street Memorials, and the large numbers of men who enlisted. They also indicate the impact of casualties on these Hull communities.

Alexandra Street, Warne Street and Sutton Street shared a memorial, which showed 250 names; 

Brighton Street – 129 men joined up;

Bellamy Street – 51 houses, 38 men serving, and 3 fallen by 16/10/1916;

Crystal Terrace, Courtney Street – 15 houses, 13 serving;

Conway Street , Rosamond Street, and Sefton Street memorials showed 167 men serving, seven of which had been killed by 12/09/1916;

Chiltern Street – 103 men serving;

Providence Row Shrine, Beverley Road Hull

Eastbourne Street – 113 names, 13 killed by 08/09/1916;

Sharp Street Memorial, Hull

Epworth Street – 26 houses, 31 men serving, 1 killed, 2 wounded. Private, A Teasdale awarded the DCM. (HDM 29/11/1916)

Emmeline Terrace, St Paul’s Street – 19 houses & 32 men serving;

Flinton Street & St Andrew’s Street Shrine – 300 names, with 22 sailors and fishermen lost at sea.

Gillett Street, – its Roll of Honour showed 325 names, of which 24 were dead, by 30/08/1916;

Grange Street – reported 179 men, of which 5 had been killed and two had lost limbs, by 26/09/1916;

Havelock Street – 127 names and one killed – 08/09/1916; 

Lockwood Street, shows that the Tock family at No:21 have 11 family members serving, including 7 sons. There are also 4 Gorrods, 3 Keeches’, 3 Lambert’s, and 4 Woods’ serving. By 1916 it already shows 16 killed, 2 wounded and 2 Prisoners of War.

Kent Street WW1 Roll of Honour, Hull.

Wheeler Street WW1 Roll of Honour, Hull
Stoneferry WW1 Roll of Honour, Hull















Lorne Street – 8 killed, 19  wounded, 2 Prisoners of war and 2 others discharged.

Victor Street Roll of Honour, Hull
Groves Memorial, WW1 Hull

Manchester Street – 170 men serving and 5 killed – 30/08/1916;

Montrose Avenue, Gibson Street had 19 houses with 31 men serving, including five brothers. By 28/11/1916, three had been killed, one was missing and 11 others had been wounded.

Northumberland Avenue Shrine – 228 men served, of which 7 were killed, 2 drowned, 1 died, 1 died of wounds, 15 wounded, 6 Prisoners of War, and Private, J.L.Elston, EYR, awarded the DCM.

Osborne Street – 163 serving from 115 houses. Six men from one house, 13 killed, 13 wounded & 1 prisoner of war (HDM 30/10/16)

Portland Street and New Garden Street – 98 men serving and 7 killed, by 30/10/1916;

Porter Street and Michael Street – 116 men serving from 88 houses, of which 14 had been killed, 14 wounded, three of them wounded three times, and three others were Prisoners of War.

Providence Row – 181 men serving, and 12 reported killed by 19/09/1916.

Rose Street – 50 houses, 66 men and one Nurse serving, 20/09/1916;

Harrow Street ww1 Street Shrine, located at No: 61 Harrow Street, Hull

Spyvee Street Shrine showed 140 names of men serving;

Strickland Street – 130 names – 24 killed and 3 Prisoners of War; 

Walker Street – 300 men had enlisted by 26/09/1916.

Waterloo Street, Sarah Ann Terrace,  – 31 houses, 35 men serving, 3 killed and 2 wounded;

Wellsted Street Memorial showed 235 men serving by 26/09/1916; 

Wilmington Roll of Honour – listed 460 names of those serving (HDM 13/11/1916)

Witty Street -70 men serving, of which 2 had been killed;

Pulman Street and Evans Square Memorial, Hull

Worthing Street – 93 names & 5 killed by 19/09/1916;

Wyndham Street, Grosvenor Avenue, – 8 houses & 8 men serving.


Hull had many more Street Memorials during the First World War. While these have now largely disappeared you can search this website to find the casualties on each street in Hull. This website records over 9,000 men from Kingston Upon Hull, or with a Hull connection, that died in the First World War. Their addresses come from local newspapers, army records, census information, electoral registers, or local trade directories.

Dansom Lane, Roll of Honour, Hull. Includes the names and regiments of those who served from Dansom Lane (127),  Pennington Street (25), Pemberton Street (22),  Wilton Street (9), Wilde Street (15), Upton Street (27), Montrose Street (18) and 23 fallen. There is also a prayer to the soldiers and sailors and the sick and wounded.

Many Hull firms, such as Reckitt’s and the Wilson Shipping Line had workplace memorials. The Hull & Barnsley Railway Company, displayed a bronze plaque, with the names, of 183 men killed in the war. Unlike Belgium, France and Italy, the majority of Britain’s 750,000 war dead, are buried abroad and have no known graves. The British Government did not repatriate the war dead. This distance, absence from home, and deep sense of loss, has remained a strong part of family histories ever since. It is the reason why war memorials continue to be important in Britain, and commemorating the First World War still remains heartfelt, even after a 100 years.

Hull Street Memorials                                                                                          

Below is a ‘Street Shrine’ on Hessle Road, and examples of other Hull ‘Rolls of Honour’ at Newington Street, Courtney Street, St Marys, Sculcoates Lane, Sharp Street, Aldbro Street, West Dock Avenue, Pulman Street and Evans Square, Stoneferry, Wilmington, Grange Street, Victor Street and the Groves area of Hull.

Wainfleet Terrace WW1 Street Shrine, Hull
WW1 Street Shrine, St Mary’s, Sculcoates, Hull
Aldbro Street WW1 Roll of Honour, Hull
Bellamy Street Shrine, WW1 Hull
Newington Street Roll of Honour, Hull


St John the Baptist Church. War memorial, St George’s Road, Hull
Eton Street WW1 Memorial, Hull
Hull Trinity House School Memorial WW1, George Street, Hull.
Hull Teachers WW1 Memorial, Guildhall, Hull. Included the names of 27 Hull teachers lost in WW1. Two further names were added.
Hull’s Blundell & Spence Company Staff Memorial


Hull Grammar School WW1 Memorial. Large bronze plaque, which lists 89 names now located at Tranby School, Anlaby, Hull

Blundell’s Work Memorial, Hull

Hull’s Sharp Street Memorial
WW1 Hull Sharp Street memorial


Reckitt & Sons, WW1 memorial, unveiled April 1922, Dansom Lane, Hull
Hull’s Old Cliftonian’s  Memorial Plaque, is made of fumed Oak, 6 foot by 3 foot. It contains 65 names, including six pairs of brothers. Designed by Mr Thomas Addinall, a former scholar, carved by Mr E, Andrews, Wright Street, Hull. The moto “Freedom and Us” was chosen by Mr Frank Anderson, the Headmaster. The Old Cliftonian’s were a sporting and social club, for former pupils at the school.
Clifton Street School WW1 Memorial, unveiled at St Paul Street Church, Sunday 21/11/1920. It attracted over 200 visitors (HDM 24/11/1920). They held a service of remembrance every year at the school from 1920 until 1939. It hangs in the Clifton Street, Primary school, at Burslem Street, Hull, today.
Hymers College Memorial, Hull. Started in 1917, it commemorates 117 Collegiats
Sutton on Hull Memorial contains the names of men from Wilmington and the Groves of Hull
Hull Municipal Technical College Memorial, Park Street, Hull. Records 52 men lost in WW1.


City of Hull Police Force Roll of Honour 1914-18, unveiled 13th January 1916.
Hull Police Roll of Honour, unveiled 13th January 1916.
Catholic men of Hull, WW1 Field Cross, Saint Charles Borromeo Church, Jarrett Street, Hull
Ideal Boilers WW1 Staff Memorial, Hull
Stained Glass WW1 Memorial, St Matthew’s Church, Boulevard, Hull
CORPORAL, ARTHUR PEARSON ELLIS, window Memorial, St Johns Church, Clough Road, Hull
St Mary’s The Virgin Church, Lowgate, Hull – A superb war memorial consisting of paintings of three saints – Oswald, Michael and George and between them two columns of names of the 100 fallen in black letters.
ww1 Hull Memorial Stone at St Matthews Church, Boulevard


Image result for hull ww1 pics

Hull & Barnsley Railway WW1 Memorial, now held at the Hull transport Museum, lists the names of 183 men killed. The company also kept a Roll of Honour, for the 516 men who served in the war and their positions within the company. They included Hull & Barnsley Railway Managers (7); Chief Officers (32); Cartage Dept., (42), Docks Dept., (102), Engineers (60); Goods Dept., (94) and the Locomotive Dept., (179).
This memorial at Hull Eastern Cemetery commemorates the 68 employees of the British Gas Light Company Ltd. Hull, who were killed or missing in the First World War.

This memorial commemorates the staff of the N.E.R. Hull Western Docks who were killed or missing in the First World War.

Workplaces also created their own war memorials. Hull’s world famous Reckitt’s firmsaw 70 of its men join at the outbreak of war and by 1917, 820 men had enlisted. A total of 1,108 Reckitt employees, served from its world wide workforce, with 153 employees killed and 50% of the remainder wounded or disabled. In tribute to their service, Sir James Reckitt erected a memorial fountain in the grounds of its Hull Office.

Reckitt’s War Memorial Fountain, Dansom Lane, Hull. When WW1 began, 70 Reckitt’s staff enlisted and by 1917, 820 men had joined. A total of 1,108 Reckitt employees, served from its world wide workforce, with 153 employees killed and 50% of the remainder wounded or disabled. In tribute to their service, Sir James Reckitt erected a memorial fountain in the grounds of its Hull Office, at Dansom Lane, which still stands today.

The Hull Post Office raised a white marble plaque at their sorting Office, in St Peter’s Street. The Hull and Barnsley Railway Line commissioned a bronze plaque listing the 178 employees who died in the First World War.

Hull Post Office Memorial, St Peters Square, Hull.
Post Office Memorial, Hull, unveiled on Saturday 1st May 1920. Contains the names of 46 members of the local Postal Telegraph and Telephone Staff, lost during the War. The Lady Mayoress and Postmaster are on the left. On the right a bugler, sounds the Last Post. (Hull Daily Mail, 3rd May 1920)

The Hull Post Office, lost at least 46 employees. Schools also produced their own war memorials. Hymers school memorial, contains the names of 116 former Hull pupils. Hull Grammar school memorial lost 88 ex pupils in the Great War. The Clifton Street School Memorial (below) recorded 66 pupils killed in the First World War. Hull’s Municipal Technical College, listed 52 former students on their Park Street memorial. The names of 28 Hull teachers are recorded on a bronze tablet mounted in Hull’s Guildhall.

Hull Technical College WW1 Memorial, Park Street, Hull
Blundell, Spence & Co WW1 Memorial
Jack Harrison, VC. Commemorative Bronze Plaque at the Hull Guildhall. Includes the full citation of his Victoria Cross, published in The Times on 14th June 1917. “There to God’s Keeping for their Country’s Need, resigned their courage, skill, will to endure to Life’s utter limit.”
The Hull Great War Trust Board at the Council’s Guildhall, Hull.
Cross of Sacrifice, Hull Northern Cemetery.
WW1 The War Memorial Spring Bank Cemetery
Kingston Upon Hull Book of Remembrance, at Hull Minster. The “Golden Book” contains some 4,000 names of the fallen.
“The Golden Book” records many of Hull WW1’s casualties.
Hull Minster Memorial to Choristers and Scholars
Hull Minister WW1 Memorial Window
Citizens of Kingston Upon Hull Memorial Window WW1, Hull Minster.
National United Order Of Free Gardeners Hull District, WW1 Memorial, dedicated to the memory of 200 members lost in WW1. Unveiled at Hull Trinity Church, on 21st November 1920, by Deputy Lord Mayor, (Alderman TG Hall) and Canon, George Buchanen.
United Order of Free Gardeners WW1 Memorial, unveiled at Hull Trinity Church, on 21st November 1920, (Hull Daily Mail Photo, 22nd November 1920.)
Memorial to Hull’s, Jack Harrison, VC. The memorial flagstone was placed in front of the war memorial in Sutton, East Hull.
Kingston Upon Hull Naval Memorial
Demarcation stone at the Hull Cenotaph. Presented to Hull by the Oppy village in France. It marked the extent of the German advance there.

Hawthorn Avenue Methodist Church Roll of Honour
The Hull Cenotaph with demarcation Stone, at Ferensway, Hull. ERECTED TO THE MEMORY OF THE MEN OF KINGSTON-UPON-HULL WHO LAID DOWN THEIR LIVES FOR THEIR COUNTRY IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918 AND IN THE WORLD WAR 1939-1945 THEIR NAME LIVETH FOR EVERMORE. In front, is the South African War Memorial (1899-1902) unveiled on 5th November 1904. Designed by Architect, Mr T. Harold Hughes, of Glasgow, the Hull Cenotaph, was built by Quibell & Sons Ltd, of Hull, at a cost of £24,000. It was unveiled, by Field Marshall, Sir William Robertson, on Saturday, 20/09/1924, at 3pm, with his speech broadcasted by the BBC. Among the many dignitaries, were four selected Hull mothers, who had lost several sons in the war, who laid wreaths. Hull Armistice Day ceremony on 11/11/ 1924 was attended by thousands. Papers reported that at 11am, a “Great Silence” descended the city as people paid their respects to the war dead.

The ‘’ site, recreates these memorials, to highlight Hull’s forgotten history. After the War, remembrance became paramount, to ensure that the dead had not died in vain, and because so many men had no known grave. Like London, Hull built its own cenotaph to remember its war dead. It was erected at Paragon Square, Ferensway, to a design by T. Harold Hughes. Paid entirely through public donations, at a cost of £24,000, the Cenotaph was built by Quibell and Son (Hull), and unveiled on the 20th September 1924. The Hull Cenotaph is a simple, design, devoid of any representations of heroism and victory, or any religious symbolism. It provides a blank canvas for the viewer to project their own feelings of war. Hull’s Cenotaph remains a successful design. Even today, it still evokes the eternal, human feelings, of death and loss. It bears the following inscription:-

As a practical memorial to those who survived, Hull established the City of Hull Great War Trust, in 1918. It was funded through voluntary donations and used to help those wounded and disabled and the dependents of those lost in the war. The Great War Trust was a unique idea pioneered in Hull and helped men and women from all forces, including the fishing fleet and mercantile marine. The Trust distributed nearly £300,000 and assisted over 4,000 people before it was closed in 1983.

On the 16th October 1927, the Kingston Upon Hull War Memorial was unveiled at the French village of Oppy. This remembered the men of Kingston-upon-Hull and all local units who gave their lives in the Great War: Many of the casualties of 31st Division who died at Oppy were from the Hull area. The ground of which the memorial stands was donated by the Vicomte and Vicomtesse du Bouexic de la Driennays in memory of their 22 year old son Pierre, an NCO of the French 504th Tank Regiment who was killed in action at Guyencourt on 8 August 1918. It too, is located on the village square of Oppy.


 For other memorials see the following links

7 Unusual War Memorials

6 Memorials to Animals in the First World War

6 Remarkable First World War Memorials

Thank You to “Hull, the Good Old Days” Facebook, for the above photos.

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